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TICKIT_TERM (7)

NAME

TickitTerm - abstraction of an interactive terminal

SYNOPSIS

#include <tickit.h> 
typedef struct TickitTerm;
 

DESCRIPTION

A TickitTerm instance represents an interactive user terminal. It provides functions to draw content to the terminal, and to accept input and other events from it. It supports a variety of modes of operation; allowing both synchronous and asynchronous filehandle IO, and working abstractly via byte buffers.

FUNCTIONS

A new TickitTerm instance is created using the tickit_term_new(3) or tickit_term_new_for_termtype(3) functions. A terminal instance stores a reference count to make it easier for applications to manage the lifetime of terminals. A new terminal starts with reference count of one, and it can be adjusted using tickit_term_ref(3) and tickit_term_unref(3). When the count reaches zero the instance is destroyed.

The tickit_term_open_stdio(3) function offers a convenient shortcut to creating a new instance set up to represent the standard input and output streams of the process.

A terminal instance will need either an output function or an output filehandle set before it can send output. This can be performed by either tickit_term_set_output_func(3) or tickit_term_set_output_fd(3). An output buffer can be defined by tickit_term_set_output_buffer(3). If output is via a filehandle, then the size of that will be queried if it is a TTY. If output is via an output function only then the size must be set using tickit_term_set_size(3). An input filehandle can be set using tickit_term_set_input_fd(3), or input can be sent from a byte buffer using tickit_term_input_push_bytes(3). Once input and output methods are set the terminal startup actions are performed, and the tickit_term_await_started_msec(3) function can be used to wait until this is complete. A running instance can be paused using tickit_term_pause(3) and resumed using tickit_term_resume(3).

It supports UTF-8 if enabled; either by detection of a UTF-8 locale, explicitly by calling tickit_term_set_utf8(3).

The size of the terminal can be queried using tickit_term_get_size(3), or forced to a given size by tickit_term_set_size(3). If the application is aware that the size of a terminal represented by a tty(7) filehandle has changed (for example due to receipt of a SIGWINCH signal), it can call tickit_term_refresh_size(3) to update it. The type of the terminal is set at construction time but can be queried later using tickit_term_get_termtype(3).

OUTPUT

Once an output method is defined, a terminal instance can be used for outputting drawing and other commands. For drawing, the functions tickit_term_print(3), tickit_term_goto(3), tickit_term_move(3), tickit_term_scrollrect(3), tickit_term_chpen(3), tickit_term_setpen(3), tickit_term_clear(3) and tickit_term_erasech(3) can be used. Additionally for setting modes, the function tickit_term_setctl_int(3) can be used. If an output buffer is defined it will need to be flushed when drawing is complete by calling tickit_term_flush(3).

INPUT

Input via a filehandle can be received either synchronously by calling tickit_term_input_wait_msec(3), or asynchronously by calling tickit_term_input_readable(3) and tickit_term_input_check_timeout_msec(3). Any of these functions may cause one or more events to be raised by invoking event handler functions.

EVENTS

A terminal instance stores a list of event handlers. Each event handler is associated with one event type and stores a function pointer, and an arbitrary pointer containing user data. Event handlers may be installed using tickit_term_bind_event(3) and removed using tickit_term_unbind_event_id(3).

Fake events can be artificially injected into the event handler chain, as if they had been received from the controlling terminal, by tickit_term_emit_key(3) and tickit_term_emit_mouse(3). These may be useful for testing, event capture-and-replay, or other specialised cases.

The event types recognised are:

TICKIT_TERM_ON_DESTROY
The terminal instance is being destroyed.
TICKIT_TERM_ON_RESIZE
The terminal has been resized. info will point to a structure defined as:
typedef struct {
    int lines;
    int cols;
} TickitResizeEventInfo;
TICKIT_TERM_ON_KEY
A key has been pressed on the keyboard. info will point to a structure defined as:
typedef struct {
    TickitKeyEventType type;
    int mod;
    const char *str;
} TickitKeyEventInfo;
TICKIT_KEYEV_KEY
a cursor control, arrow key, or function key. i.e. any of the keys that don't directly produce text.
TICKIT_KEYEV_TEXT
regular Unicode characters.
str will contain the name of the special key, including any applied modifiers, or a
UTF-8string of the Unicode character. mod will contain a bitmask of TICKIT_MOD_SHIFT, TICKIT_MOD_ALT and TICKIT_MOD_CTRL. This event only runs until a bound function returns a true value; this preventslater handler functions from observing it.
TICKIT_TERM_ON_MOUSE
A mouse button has been pressed or released, the mouse cursor moved while dragging a button, or the wheel has been scrolled. info will point to a structure defined as:
typedef struct {
    TickitMouseEventType type;
    int button;
    int mod;
    int line;
    int col;
} TickitMouseEventInfo;
TICKIT_MOUSEEV_PRESS
A mouse button has been pressed.
TICKIT_MOUSEEV_DRAG
The mouse has been moved while a button is being held down.
TICKIT_MOUSEEV_RELEASE
A mouse button has been released.
TICKIT_MOUSEEV_WHEEL
The wheel has been rolled.
button gives the button index for button events, or one of TICKIT_MOUSEWHEEL_UP or TICKIT_MOUSEWHEEL_DOWN for wheel events.
line and col give the position of the mouse cursor for this event. mod will contain a bitmask of TICKIT_MOD_SHIFT, TICKIT_MOD_ALT and TICKIT_MOD_CTRL. This event only runs until a bound function returns a true value; this preventslater handler functions from observing it.

CONTROLS

A terminal instance has a number of runtime-configuration control options that affect its behaviour. These can be set using tickit_term_setctl_int(3) and tickit_term_setctl_str(3), and queried using tickit_term_getctl_int(3). The individual controls have human-readable string names that can be obtained by tickit_term_ctlname(3) and searched by name using tickit_term_lookup_ctl(3). The type of a control option can be queried using tickit_term_ctltype(3).

The options are given in an enumeration called TickitTermCtl. The following control values are recognised:

TICKIT_TERMCTL_ALTSCREEN (bool)
The value is a boolean indicating whether the terminal alternate buffer mode should be enabled. When enabled, a temporary buffer is used for drawing, preserving the original contents of the screen. This mode is usually used by full-screen applications to preserve the shell's scrollback state.
TICKIT_TERMCTL_COLORS (int, read-only)
The value indicates how many colors are available. This value is read-only; it can be requested but not set.
TICKIT_TERMCTL_CURSORBLINK (bool)
The value is a boolean indicating whether the terminal text cursor should blink. When disabled, the cursor will appear in a steady state, if visible. When enabled, the cursor will appear blinking, if visible. If the cursor is invisible, this should not have any effect.
TICKIT_TERMCTL_CURSORSHAPE (int)
The value is an integer from the TickitCursorShape enumeration indicating what shape the terminal's text cursor should be. Values are:
TICKIT_CURSORSHAPE_BLOCK
A solid block filling the entire cell.
TICKIT_CURSORSHAPE_UNDER
An underline below the character.
TICKIT_CURSORSHAPE_LEFT_BAR
A vertical bar to the left of the character.
TICKIT_TERMCTL_CURSORVIS (bool)
The value is a boolean indicating whether the terminal text cursor should be visible. When disabled the cursor position is not visible. Typically applications will hide the cursor while performing redrawing operations so as not to show a flickering effect as the cursor moves, and show it again when drawing is complete.
TICKIT_TERMCTL_ICON_TEXT (str)
The value is a string for the terminal to use as its minimised icon text.
TICKIT_TERMCTL_ICONTITLE_TEXT (str)
The value is a string for the terminal to use as its minimised icon text and main window title.
TICKIT_TERMCTL_KEYPAD_APP (bool)
The value is a boolean controlling the terminal's keypad mode. When enabled, the terminal is in keypad application mode; in this mode the numerical keypad will send different sequences that can be detected as distinct from regularASCIItext. When disabled, the keypad will send normal text.
TICKIT_TERMCTL_MOUSE (int)
The value is an integer from the TickitTermMouseMode enumeration indicating what mouse events should be sent. Values are:
BTICKIT_TERM_MOUSEMODE_CLICK
Report button press and release events.
TICKIT_TERM_MOUSEMODE_DRAG
Report button press and release events, and movement while a button is held.
TICKIT_TERM_MOUSEMODE_MOVE
Report all button press, release and motion events even with no buttons held.
TICKIT_TERM_MOUSEMODE_OFF
Report nothing.
TICKIT_TERMCTL_TITLE_TEXT (str)
The value is a string for the terminal to use as its main window title.

SEE ALSO

tickit(7), tickit_renderbuffer(7)